Brain Tumor Awarene​​ss Campaign ‎

brain illustrationThe Department of Neurosurgery is organizing the “Digital Brain Tumor Awareness Campaign” starting ‎Sunday, June 27, 2021. The campaign aims to increase public awareness of brain tumors and ‎emphasize the importance of early diagnosis in addition to providing educational information about ‎the types of these tumors, methods of diagnosis and treatment.‎

The incidence of brain tumors in Saudi Arabia is 2.2 for males and 1.7 for females per 100,000 ‎population. Brain tumors represent about 3% of all human tumors. These tumors are ranked tenth ‎among all cases of tumors.‎

A brain tumor is defined as a mass or growth that occurs as a result of abnormal division of or ‎supporting nerve cells. There are many types of brain tumors. Some are benign, others are cancerous ‎or malignant. Primary brain tumors may start with gene mutations that cause abnormal growth and ‎division of cells. Brain tumors do not usually spread outside the central nervous system, as they do not ‎spread to the lung or liver, for example. These tumors affect nearby nerve centers by pressing on ‎them or destroying their tissues.‎

Usually the symptoms associated with brain tumors are caused by increased pressure inside the skull, ‎leading to a headache (especially in the early morning), or lethargy and nausea. Or symptoms occur ‎due to pressure on a particular sense or function, such as motor weakness or poor vision or hearing, ‎for example. Also, these tumors are one of the causes of convulsions, or what we call epilepsy.‎

Diagnosing brain tumors requires a complete medical history and thorough neurological examination. ‎The doctor may then need to order CT or magnetic scans to confirm the presence of the tumor, know ‎its type and determine its degree.‎

Treatment options vary based on the type, size, location and extent of the tumor. In addition to other ‎factors related to the patient himself, such as age and general health status. The goal of treatment ‎may be to get rid of the tumor or mitigate its effects. Treatment for brain tumors may include surgical ‎removal, chemotherapy or radiation.‎

There is no doubt that surgery is the best treatment for brain tumors, which can be performed ‎without damaging the parts adjacent to the tumor, and the aim of surgery is to remove the tumor ‎completely or as much as possible, while reducing pressure inside the skull. Some medications are ‎used to help control some side effects, such as fluid buildup around the tumor, or to control spasms.‎

Last Modified

24-Jun-2021 02:47 PM