Family Medicine and Primary Health Care
Family Medicine and Primary Health Care is essential healthcare based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to all individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-reliance and self-determination. (Definition of Primary Health Care - WHO)
Primary Care has been defined as “the provision of integrated, accessible healthcare services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal healthcare needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community.”
Primary Health Care Services Sector focuses on Family Medicine as a medical specialty that provides continuous and comprehensive healthcare for individuals and families. Primary care practices provide patients with ready access to their own personal physicians, or to an established back-up physician when the primary physician is not available. Continuous monitoring process is established to ensure that the provision of PHC services is meeting the customer's expectation and professional standards.
Primary care provides patient advocacy in the healthcare system to accomplish cost-effective care through the coordination of healthcare services. It also promotes effective doctor-patient communication and encourages the role of the patient as a partner in healthcare.
Primary Health Care includes health promotion, disease prevention, health maintenance, counselling, patient education, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses in a variety of healthcare settings.